(1% of total cultivation area)
The origin of the Silvaner is not known. It is assumed that its` ancestors came from Austria or Romania (Transilvania) and was introduced to Germany during the 30 year war.
It was Germany`s grape variety number one right through until the middle of the 20th century, when it was overtaken by the Rivaner (Müller-Thurgau) in 1975 closely followed in the eighties and nineties by the Pinot Noir and Dornfelder.
With a total cultivation area of 6,300 hectares, the Silvaner holds third place in acreage statistics in Germany with a total of 12,000 hectares worldwide. Other than Germany and the Alsace (2,000 hectares), the Silvaner is also grown in Italy, Slovenia, Hungary, California and Australia large scale.
Characteristics and requirements:
The Silvaner ripens towards the middle of the harvesting season, not being fussy about the site, but very demanding on the soils. Unlike the Riesling, this variety does not feel at home on dry, stony ground. Given a warm site with deep, moisture retaining earth, a high quality can be achieved. A good site in addition to timely green harvesting (cluster reduction) will encourage positive results. The remaining grapes, if left to ripen to their peak, will produce must weights of between 80° and 100° degrees Oechsle.
The wine itself:
Being the most neutral in taste of all German wines, the Silvaner is an ideal accompaniment to a variety of dishes. The pale yellow, almost colorless wines will have, depending on their maturity level, discreet through to refined apple, basil and fresh cut grass aromas. They are mild on the palate with moderate acidity.